The Iranians resorted to cold stores to melt snow and ice requirements. Likewise, for the needs of the pharaohs, ice houses were built around the Euphrates.
The warehouses built for stocking contained important technical and theoretical knowledge. In the Far Eastern countries, it was established near rivers, and in the summer months, the low heat of cold running water was used. A similar structure was being implemented in Iran.
Let's take a look at the ice supply in the Ottoman Empire: after the archaic period, before the Hellenistic period; ice was one of the most important consumption elements of the people and the palace. .The best customers of snowmen and ice craftsmen; hops, ice-creamers, and philanthropists who wanted to distribute profits.
Dersaadet Ice Factory, which was built in 1887, changed the ice supply and consumption system of the inhabitants of Istanbul. These developments created troubles for the snow and ice craftsmen.
Snow and ice foundations in the Ottoman Empire: During the Ottoman period, there were ice and snow foundations created through helpful people. In the summer months, the foundations provided ice and snow from the mountains to the city and distributed them to people everywhere, free of charge. In addition, helpful people were able to make a profit by paying people. It was a great favor for those who worked in the heat, in fields, and in similar places. It was also called 'no profit. It was adopted as one of the greatest charities in Anatolia.
The cooling of drinks in Anatolia dates back to the Seljuk and Byzantine periods. Snow and ice were protected in a variety of ways, the supply and storage conditions of which were severely difficult. Since there are no mountains to bring ice for in some parts of Central Anatolia, it is known that there are ice pools in those regions. In the morning or at night, when the heat was low, the snow wrapped in hay or grass was also stored in the wells to prevent it from melting.
Artificial ice production started in the Ottoman Empire with the ice machines brought from Europe towards the end of 1800s. Behind this lies the industrialization and fabrication of the empire. These ice machines, which allow the evaporating liquid to absorb the heat and cool it around, produce ice at any time, not at certain times. In addition, production by means of ice machines protected from waste of time and high costs.
For the production of artificial ice, firstly steam ice machines and then less costly and technological, gas engine ice machines were used.
The pipes of the new ice machines were made of brass and were lighter than iron, making it easy to move from one place to another.
Ammonia was an indispensable product for ice machines.
Artificial ice produced by ice machines; health institutions, pharmacies and the needs of the soldiers began to be used.
As these advantages of ice machines are seen, many of the Ottoman Empire
entrepreneurs who wanted to establish factories in place and demanded concessions emerged. This was also part of the factorization movement. In the beginning, the ice factories, the monopoly was formed to tender to the concession holder. Ice production became widespread after a short time.
Finally; After 1892, ordinary licenses were granted instead of privileges. Thus, many ice factories were established.
In our article; We briefly touch upon the history of ice, snow, ice factories and ice machines.